How to Make Homemade Candles: A Step-by-Step Guide

Greetings candle enthusiasts!

If you’re a lover of fragrant, cozy candles and want to get creative with your candle-making, then you’ve come to the right place! Making homemade candles is a fun and relaxing activity that not only provides you with unique customized candles but also makes for great DIY gifts for your loved ones.

In this article, we’ll be covering the 12 steps of making homemade candles, ranging from melting the wax to adding scents and colors. We will also be providing a detailed explanation of each step so you can understand the process better. Lastly, we have compiled some expert tips and tricks that will help you make candles like a pro!

So, let’s dive in and explore the world of homemade candles.

Steps how to make homemade candles

Step 1: Choose your wax

The first step in making homemade candles is to choose the right kind of wax. There are many kinds of waxes available in the market, including beeswax, soy wax, and paraffin wax. Beeswax is natural and eco-friendly, soy wax is easy to work with, while paraffin wax is widely available and affordable.

Step 2: Melt the wax

After choosing your wax, it’s time to melt it down. Use a double boiler to melt the wax and avoid direct heat, which can cause the wax to burn. Stir the wax gently until it melts completely.

Step 3: Prepare your wicks

While your wax is being melted, it’s time to prepare your wicks. Cut your wicks to the desired length and attach them to the bottom of your candle jar using a wick holder or glue. Ensure that the wick is straight and centered.

Step 4: Add fragrance oils

Once your wax has melted, it’s time to add fragrance oils to your candle wax. The amount of oil you use depends on your preferences and the size of your jar. Stir the oils into the wax thoroughly to ensure an even distribution.

Step 5: Add color

If you want to add color to your candle, now’s the time to do it. Add candle dye chips or a few drops of liquid candle dye to your wax and stir well until the color is evenly distributed.

Step 6: Pour the wax

After adding the fragrance and color, it’s time to pour the wax into your candle jar. Do not overfill the jar, leave at least half an inch of space at the top. Let the candle cool and harden for a few hours.

Step 7: Reheat the wax

After the first pour, it’s common for a sinkhole to appear in the wax. To fix this, reheat the wax and pour it over the sinkhole until it reaches the top of the jar.

Step 8: Trim the wick

Once the wax has hardened and cooled down, it’s time to trim the wick to the desired length. Use scissors to trim the wick down to a quarter-inch.

Step 9: Add a label

To give your candle a personal touch, you can add a label to the jar. This can include the fragrance name, the date it was made, and any other details you wish to include.

Step 10: Cure the candles

After labeling your candle, it’s essential to let it cure for at least a week. This helps the fragrance and color to settle and results in a better fragrance throw.

Step 11: Burn and enjoy!

After curing, it’s time to light your candle and enjoy its beautiful fragrance. Be sure to follow candle safety rules, such as keeping candles away from flammable materials and never leaving them unattended when burning.

Step 12: Experiment and have fun!

Now that you’ve made your first candle, it’s time to experiment with different fragrances, colors, and shapes. Making homemade candles is a fun and creative activity, so let your imagination run wild!

Explanation how to make homemade candles

Making homemade candles may seem intimidating at first, but with the right tools and knowledge, it’s an easy and enjoyable process. Here’s a detailed explanation of the steps mentioned above:

Step 1: Choose your wax

The type of wax you choose will have an impact on the fragrance, burn time, and color of your candle. Beeswax is a natural and eco-friendly option, soy wax is perfect for container candles, and paraffin wax is widely available and suitable for beginners. Ensure that you choose a wax that suits your preferences and your candle-making goals.

Step 2: Melt the wax

Melting the wax can be done using a double boiler or a makeshift one using two pots of varying sizes. Ensure that you use indirect heat and stir the wax gently until it melts completely. Do not let the wax boil or it can become too hot and cause a fire hazard.

Step 3: Prepare your wicks

Choosing the right wick size is crucial to the success of your candle-making. Use a wick chart to determine the right size for your candle jar and ensure that it is straight and centered in the wax. Use a wick holder or glue to attach the wick to the bottom of the jar.

Step 4: Add fragrance oils

Fragrance oils come in various strengths, so it’s essential to use the right amount for your candle jar. Typically, 1 oz of oil per pound of wax is ideal. Ensure that you stir the oils into the wax thoroughly to distribute it evenly.

Step 5: Add color

Candle dyes come in various forms such as chips, blocks, and liquid. Always use specially formulated candle dyes and add them slowly to the wax, stirring gently until the color is uniform. Use a color chart to get the desired color for your candle.

Step 6: Pour the wax

Pour the wax slowly and gently into the candle jar. Leave at least half an inch of space at the top to prevent overflow. Let it cool and harden for a few hours before proceeding to the next step.

Step 7: Reheat the wax

Reheat the wax if you notice a sinkhole or craters forming on the top. Pour the wax into the sinkhole and level it off. This step will ensure that your candle is smooth and even.

Step 8: Trim the wick

Trimming the wick to 1/4 inch is essential to keep it from mushrooming and causing soot buildup. Always trim the wick after each use to increase its lifespan.

Step 9: Add a label

Labeling your candles is a great way to add a personal touch and make them stand out. Use custom labels or create your own using various design software. Label your candles with the fragrance name, date made, or any other relevant information.

Step 10: Cure the candles

Curing your candles involves letting them sit for at least a week to settle and cure. This time allows the wax to release its scent and color fully. The longer you let your candles cure, the better they’ll smell and burn.

Step 11: Burn and enjoy!

Finally, it’s time to light your candles and enjoy their lovely fragrance. Follow candle safety rules, such as trimming the wick, placing the candles on a heat-resistant surface, and not leaving them unattended when burning.

Step 12: Experiment and have fun!

Don’t be afraid to experiment with different fragrances, colors, and shapes when making homemade candles. The more you experiment, the more unique and tailored your candles will be.

Tips and Tricks how to make homemade candles

1. Use a thermometer to ensure that the wax does not overheat and cause a fire hazard.

2. Opt for eco-friendly waxes such as soy and beeswax to reduce your carbon footprint.

3. Use a wick trimmer to ensure that your wick is trimmed down to the right size before lighting the candle.

4. Choose a unique container for your candle, such as vintage teacups or mason jars, to make them special.

5. Mix and match different fragrance oils to create your unique scent blends.

6. Let your candles cure for at least a week before selling them or giving them as gifts.

7. Invest in quality fragrance oils and candle dyes to ensure that your candles smell and look great.

8. Ensure that your candle jars are clean and free of dust and debris to get the best-looking candles.

9. Experiment with different wick sizes to see how it affects the burn time, fragrance throw, and overall performance of your candle.

10. Have fun and enjoy the process of making homemade candles. It’s an enjoyable and relaxing activity that you’re sure to love.

Advantages and Disadvantages of Making Homemade Candles


1. Cost-effective: Making your own candles at home can be much cheaper than buying them from a store.

2. Personalization: You can customize your candles to your liking by choosing your own scents, colors, and designs.

3. Eco-friendly: Homemade candles are often made from natural ingredients and are better for the environment than store-bought candles.

4. Therapeutic: The process of making candles can be therapeutic and relaxing.

5. Creativity: Making candles is a creative outlet that allows you to express yourself and experiment with new ideas.

6. Gifting: Homemade candles make great gifts for loved ones and show a personal touch.

7. Health benefits: Candles made with essential oils can have aromatherapy benefits for your health and mood.

8. Fun activity: Making candles can be a fun activity to do with friends and family.

9. Can be sold: If you enjoy making candles, you can even sell them and turn it into a small business.

10. Learning new skills: Making candles requires learning new skills that can be useful in other areas of life, such as measuring ingredients and working with scents.


1. Time-consuming: Making candles can be a time-consuming process that requires patience and attention to detail.

2. Messy: The process of making candles can be messy, and clean-up can take some effort.

3. Equipment: You will need to purchase some equipment and supplies to make candles, such as molds, wax, and wicks.

4. Safety concerns: Working with hot wax and flames can be dangerous, and proper safety precautions should be taken.

5. Inconsistent results: When making candles at home, the results can vary and may not turn out the same every time.

6. Limited resources: Depending on where you live, it may be difficult to find certain candle-making supplies or ingredients.

7. Trial and error: Achieving the perfect candle can take some trial and error, especially for beginners.

8. Not as long-lasting: Homemade candles may not last as long as store-bought candles due to the quality and type of ingredients used.

9. Start-up costs: Starting to make candles at home can require a significant amount of start-up costs for equipment and supplies.

10. Fire hazards: If proper safety precautions are not taken, making candles at home can pose a fire hazard.


1. What materials do I need to make homemade candles?

You will need wax, wicks, a double boiler, thermometer, fragrance or essential oils, and a container to hold your melted wax.

2. Can I use any type of wax to make candles?

No, not all wax types are suitable for candle making. Beeswax, soy wax, and paraffin wax are commonly used in candle making.

3. How do I choose the right wick for my candle?

The size of the wick depends on the diameter of your candle. A larger diameter candle will require a thicker wick. It’s best to check with the wick manufacturer’s guidelines for recommendations.

4. Do I need to use a fragrance or essential oil?

No, but it can enhance the scent of your candle and create a pleasant atmosphere.

5. How do I add color to my candles?

You can use liquid candle dye or color chips. Add the dye to the wax before pouring it into the container. Add the chips to the melted wax and stir until they are fully melted.

6. How do I prevent air bubbles from forming in my candles?

You can prevent air bubbles from forming by pouring the wax slowly and keeping the container at room temperature. You can also tap the container gently on a flat surface to release the air bubbles.

7. How long does it take for the wax to cool and set?

The cooling and setting time will depend on the type of wax you are using. Generally, it takes several hours for the wax to fully set.

8. Can I reuse the wax from old candles?

Yes, you can melt down the wax from old candles and use it to make new candles. However, make sure to remove any wick fragments or debris before melting.

9. Can I make candles without a double boiler?

Yes, you can use a heatproof container to hold the wax while it melts in a pot of boiling water.

10. How do I clean up wax spills?

Use hot, soapy water to clean up any wax spills. Do not use hot water on carpets or fabric.

11. How do I store my homemade candles?

Store your candles in a cool, dry place away from direct sunlight and heat sources to prevent melting or discoloration.

12. Can I add decorations to my candles?

Yes, you can add decorations such as dried flowers or glitter to your candles. Add them before the wax sets.

13. Is candle making safe?

Candle making can be safe as long as you follow proper safety precautions. Always use protective gear such as gloves and goggles, and keep a fire extinguisher nearby. Work in a well-ventilated area and never leave melting wax unattended.

When it comes to making homemade candles, the possibilities are endless. By following these simple steps, you can create unique and personalized candles right in the comfort of your own home. Experiment with different scents, colors, and waxes to create the perfect ambiance for any occasion. Whether you’re making candles for personal use or to give as gifts, the satisfaction of creating something with your own hands is truly rewarding.

Conclusion How to Make Homemade Candles

In conclusion, making homemade candles is a fun and creative way to express yourself. With just a few tools and ingredients, you can create beautiful and unique candles that will add warmth and coziness to any room. By following the steps outlined in this article, you’ll be well on your way to creating your own candles in no time. So go ahead, get creative and enjoy the process!

Closing How to Make Homemade Candles

Thank you for taking the time to learn how to make homemade candles. We hope this article has inspired you to try your hand at candle making or to take your skills to the next level. Remember, practice makes perfect and don’t be afraid to experiment with different ingredients and techniques. With a little patience and imagination, you can create candles that are not only beautiful but also serve their intended purpose. Until next time, happy candle making!