How to Make a Terrarium in a Jar: A Beginner’s Guide

Welcome to the world of terrariums! Creating your own terrarium in a jar is not only a fun and creative activity, but also a wonderful way to bring a little piece of nature inside your home or office. A terrarium is a miniature garden inside a glass container, and it can be a stunning and low-maintenance addition to any living space.

If you’re wondering how to make a terrarium in a jar, look no further. In this article, we’ll guide you through the steps of creating your own beautiful and thriving terrarium. We’ll also provide tips and tricks to help you keep your terrarium healthy and vibrant for months to come.

Steps how to make a terrarium in a jar

Step 1: Choose your container
The first step in making a terrarium is choosing the right container. You can use any clear glass container with a lid, such as a mason jar, fishbowl, or even a light bulb. Just make sure that your container is clean and dry before you begin.

Step 2: Add a layer of rocks
Once you have your container, it’s time to add a layer of rocks at the bottom. This layer will help with drainage and prevent your plants from sitting in water. Use small pebbles or aquarium rocks for best results.

Step 3: Layer of activated charcoal
Next, add a layer of activated charcoal. This will help to filter the air and water in your terrarium, keeping it healthy and fresh.

Step 4: Add a layer of moss
A layer of moss will prevent the soil from mixing with the rocks and charcoal below it, and keep your terrarium looking neat and tidy.

Step 5: Add soil
Add an inch or two of potting soil on top of the moss layer. You can use any type of potting soil that’s appropriate for the plants you’ll be using in your terrarium.

Step 6: Plant your terrarium
Once you have your soil in place, it’s time to start planting! Choose small plants and arrange them in your container as you like. You can use succulents, ferns, cacti, or any other small plants that don’t require a lot of sunlight or water.

Step 7: Add decorative elements
To make your terrarium look even more beautiful, you can add decorative elements like stones, driftwood, or miniature figurines. These elements will add interest and personality to your terrarium.

Step 8: Water your terrarium
Water your terrarium lightly when you’re done planting. Use a spray bottle or a small watering can to avoid overwatering.

Step 9: Cover your terrarium
Once your terrarium is planted and watered, it’s time to cover it with a lid. This will create a mini greenhouse effect and help keep your plants healthy and thriving.

Step 10: Place your terrarium
Choose a spot in your home or office where your terrarium will receive indirect sunlight. Avoid placing it in direct sunlight, as this can lead to overheating and damage to the plants.

Step 11: Maintain your terrarium
To keep your terrarium healthy and vibrant, you’ll need to maintain it regularly. This means checking on it once a week or so, watering it lightly as needed, and removing any dead leaves or plants.

Step 12: Enjoy!
Congratulations, you’ve successfully created your own beautiful terrarium in a jar! Enjoy the calming and beautiful presence of your new miniature garden.

Explanation how to make a terrarium in a jar

Creating a terrarium in a jar is a fun and rewarding activity that anyone can do. Terrariums are essentially miniature ecosystems, and they’re self-sustaining as long as you provide them with the right environment. Here are some explanations and tips to help you make the most of your terrarium:

1. Choose the right container
When choosing a container for your terrarium, make sure it’s clear and has a tight-fitting lid. This will help to create a humid environment inside the jar, which is ideal for most plants.

2. Add the right layers
The layers of rocks, charcoal, moss, and soil in your terrarium all serve a specific purpose. They help with drainage, filtration, and maintaining the right balance of moisture in the jar. Make sure you add each layer carefully and evenly.

3. Choose the right plants
Not all plants are suitable for terrariums, so do your research before you start planting. Choose small plants that don’t require a lot of sunlight or water, such as succulents, ferns, and cacti.

4. Water carefully
Overwatering is one of the biggest mistakes people make when creating a terrarium. Use a spray bottle or a small watering can to water your plants lightly, and only when they need it.

5. Choose the right spot
Your terrarium should be placed in a spot where it can receive indirect sunlight, but not direct sunlight. Too much sun can cause your plants to wilt or die.

Tips and Tricks how to make a terrarium in a jar

1. Keep your terrarium clean – regularly remove any dead leaves or plants to keep your terrarium looking fresh and tidy.

2. Don’t overwater – use a spray bottle or a small watering can to water lightly and carefully.

3. Choose the right plants – succulents, cacti, and ferns are all good options for terrariums.

4. Add decorative elements – stones, figurines, and driftwood can add interest and personality to your terrarium.

5. Keep your terrarium out of direct sunlight – too much sun can cause your plants to wilt or die.

6. Experiment with different containers – mason jars, fishbowls, and light bulbs can all be used for terrariums.

7. Choose a lid that fits tightly – this will help to create a humid environment inside your jar.

8. Add activated charcoal – this will help to filter the air and water in your terrarium, keeping it fresh and healthy.

9. Use small pebbles or aquarium rocks – these are best for the bottom layer of your terrarium, as they provide good drainage.

10. Keep an eye on your terrarium – regularly check on your plants and make adjustments as needed to keep them healthy and thriving.

Advantages and Disadvantages of Making a Terrarium in a Jar

If you’re looking to add some greenery to your home or office, making a terrarium in a jar can be a fun and easy project. However, like any DIY project, there are both advantages and disadvantages to consider before getting started.


  1. Low Maintenance: Terrariums are relatively low maintenance and require minimal watering and care.
  2. Indoor Gardening Option: Terrariums can be a great option for those who want to garden indoors, but have limited space or light.
  3. Creative Outlet: Making a terrarium in a jar allows you to express your creativity and create a unique piece of art for your home.
  4. Affordable: Terrariums can be made with a variety of materials, many of which can be found at thrift stores or foraged from nature, making them a relatively affordable project.
  5. Eco-friendly: Terrariums are a great way to upcycle old jars or vases, giving them new life as beautiful planters.
  6. Great Gift Idea: A homemade terrarium in a jar makes for a thoughtful and personalized gift.
  7. Can Purify Indoor Air: Plants in a terrarium can help purify the air, making them a great option for those with allergies or respiratory issues.
  8. Teaches Responsibility: Taking care of a terrarium can teach responsibility and help kids learn about the natural world.
  9. Long-lasting: If cared for properly, terrariums can last for years, adding a touch of green to your home for a long time to come.
  10. Stress-relieving: Caring for plants and being surrounded by greenery can be a stress-relieving practice, helping to improve mood and overall wellbeing.


  1. Can be Messy: Making a terrarium can be messy, with soil, sand, and gravel getting everywhere.
  2. Plants can Die: It’s always possible that the plants in your terrarium won’t survive, especially if they aren’t the right type for the environment.
  3. May Attract Bugs: If not kept clean, the terrarium could attract bugs such as gnats or fruit flies.
  4. May Require Special Lighting: Some plants require special lighting in order to thrive, which may be difficult to provide in a closed terrarium.
  5. Not Suitable for All Plants: Some plants may not be well-suited for a closed terrarium environment, and may need more room or air circulation to grow.
  6. Can Require Trial and Error: Creating the perfect terrarium may require some experimentation and trial and error, which can be time-consuming.
  7. May Need Pruning: If the plants in your terrarium grow too big, they may need to be pruned back in order to fit inside the jar.
  8. May Require Maintenance: While terrariums are generally low maintenance, they may require some occasional pruning or soil replacement to keep them looking their best.
  9. Not Ideal for Large Plants: A terrarium may not be the best option for those looking to grow larger plants, as they may quickly outgrow the jar.
  10. May Require Specific Tools: Depending on the materials used, creating a terrarium may require specific tools such as a funnel or shovel.


1. What is a terrarium?

A terrarium is a miniature garden that you can create using a glass container filled with soil, small plants and other decorative pieces. It’s like having a mini ecosystem that you can enjoy indoors.

2. What do I need to make a terrarium?

You will need a glass container, pebbles, activated charcoal, potting soil, small plants, and decorative elements like rocks, moss or figurines.

3. How do I choose the right container for my terrarium?

Any clear glass container can be used for a terrarium. You can choose from various sizes and shapes such as jars, bottles, or bowls. Just make sure it has a wide opening for easy access.

4. Can I use any type of plant for my terrarium?

It’s best to choose plants that are small and thrive in a humid environment. Some great options include ferns, succulents, and mosses.

5. What do I put at the bottom of my terrarium?

Start by adding a layer of pebbles at the bottom of your container. This will help with drainage and prevent root rot.

6. Why do I need to add activated charcoal?

Activated charcoal helps to absorb any excess moisture and odors inside the terrarium, keeping it fresh and healthy.

7. How much soil should I add to my terrarium?

Fill your container with enough soil to accommodate your plants. Make sure to leave enough space to allow them to grow.

8. How do I plant the plants in my terrarium?

Make small holes in the soil using your fingers or a small tool, and carefully insert the plants. Press the soil gently around the roots to secure them in place.

9. Should I water my terrarium?

Yes, but be careful not to overwater it. Water it lightly once a week or when the soil feels dry to the touch.

10. How much sunlight does my terrarium need?

Most terrariums thrive in bright indirect sunlight. Avoid placing it in direct sunlight to prevent scorching the plants.

11. Can I add decorative pieces to my terrarium?

Absolutely! The sky’s the limit when it comes to decorating your terrarium. You can add rocks, pebbles, figurines, or any other decorative elements that suit your style.

12. How do I care for my terrarium?

Aside from watering it once a week and placing it in a bright location, you don’t need to do much to care for your terrarium. Just keep an eye on it and prune any dead leaves or plants as needed.

13. Can I make multiple terrariums and display them together?

Definitely! Making multiple terrariums is a great way to create a stunning indoor display. You can vary the sizes and shapes of the containers and mix and match the plants and decorative pieces for a unique look.

Creating a terrarium in a jar is a satisfying and cost-effective way to bring some greenery into your home. With just a few basic supplies, you can create a miniature ecosystem that will thrive in the right conditions. In this article, we’ve provided a step-by-step guide on how to make a terrarium in a jar that is sure to delight both plant lovers and DIY enthusiasts alike.

To begin this project, you’ll need to gather some supplies. A clear glass jar with a lid is the most important item on your list, as it will serve as the vessel for your terrarium. You’ll also need small pebbles, activated charcoal, potting soil, and a variety of small plants or succulents. Once you have everything you need, you can begin the process of creating your terrarium.

First, add a layer of small pebbles to the bottom of your jar. This will help with drainage and prevent water from pooling at the bottom. Next, add a layer of activated charcoal, which will help to keep the soil fresh and prevent mold growth. After that, add a layer of potting soil, making sure to keep some space at the top for your plants to grow.

Now it’s time to get creative! Add your plants to the terrarium, making sure to arrange them in a pleasing and balanced way. Don’t be afraid to experiment with different combinations of plants and colors. Once everything is in place, give the terrarium a good watering, being careful not to overdo it.

Conclusion how to make a terrarium in a jar

Making a terrarium in a jar is a simple and rewarding DIY project that can bring some much-needed greenery into your home. By following the steps outlined in this article, you can create a beautiful and thriving miniature ecosystem that requires little maintenance. With a little bit of creativity and care, your terrarium will become a focal point in any room of your house.

Closing how to make a terrarium in a jar

Thank you for taking the time to read this article on how to make a terrarium in a jar. We hope that the information provided has been helpful and informative. If you decide to take on this DIY project, we encourage you to take your time and have fun with it. Remember, creating a terrarium is a fun and relaxing way to add some greenery to your home, and it’s a great way to express your creativity as well. Happy planting!