How to Make a Hummingbird Feeder: A Complete Guide

Have you ever wondered how to make a hummingbird feeder? These tiny birds bring joy and beauty to our gardens and backyards, and making your own feeder can be a fun and rewarding DIY project. Not only will you save money, but you will also have the satisfaction of knowing that you helped create a habitat for these delightful creatures. In this article, we will guide you through 12 simple steps on how to make a hummingbird feeder, along with some explanations and tips to ensure your feeder is safe and effective.

Steps how to make a hummingbird feeder

Step 1: Gather your materials

The first step in making a hummingbird feeder is to gather all the necessary materials. You will need a plastic bottle with a cap, a wire or string, a drill or punch, a pair of scissors, and red or yellow paint.

Step 2: Clean the bottle

Before you begin, make sure to clean the plastic bottle with hot water and soap. Rinse it thoroughly to remove any residue that could harm the birds.

Step 3: Create the feeding ports

Using a drill or punch, make two holes near the bottom of the bottle, about 1 inch apart. These will become the feeding ports for the hummingbirds.

Step 4: Paint the bottle

Paint the bottle with red or yellow paint to attract the hummingbirds. You can also add some decorative touches to make it more appealing.

Step 5: Create the hanger

Cut a length of wire or string, and thread it through the cap of the bottle. Tie a knot at the end to create a hanger for the feeder.

Step 6: Make the nectar

To make the nectar, simply mix 1 part sugar with 4 parts water. Heat the mixture on the stove until the sugar dissolves, then let it cool. Do not use honey or artificial sweeteners, as these can be harmful to the birds.

Step 7: Fill the feeder

Pour the nectar into the bottle, using a funnel if necessary. Be careful not to fill it too high, as the mixture can overflow or spoil.

Step 8: Hang the feeder

Hang the feeder in a shady and sheltered spot, away from predators and out of reach of pets. Make sure it is stable and secure.

Step 9: Clean the feeder

It is important to clean the feeder regularly, as mold and bacteria can grow and harm the birds. Wash it with hot water and soap every few days, and rinse it thoroughly before refilling.

Step 10: Refill the feeder

When the nectar runs low or becomes cloudy, empty the bottle and replace it with fresh nectar. Do not add food coloring or other additives, as these are unnecessary and potentially harmful.

Step 11: Observe the hummingbirds

Now that your feeder is up and running, sit back and watch the hummingbirds come to feed. Enjoy their acrobatic and graceful movements, and learn more about their behavior and habitat.

Step 12: Share your experience

Share your experience of making a hummingbird feeder with others. Encourage them to make their own feeders and join you in admiring these amazing birds.

Explanation how to make a hummingbird feeder

Now that you have learned the 12 steps to making a hummingbird feeder, let us explain some of the details and precautions involved.

First of all, it is important to use a plastic bottle that is free of chemicals and harmful substances. Avoid using glass or metal containers that can break or rust, and do not use bottles that have contained toxic liquids or pesticides.

Secondly, the size and shape of the feeding ports are crucial. They should be small enough to prevent bees and wasps from entering, but large enough to allow the birds to feed easily. You can experiment with different sizes and shapes, or purchase pre-made ports from a hardware or pet store.

Thirdly, the nectar should be fresh and clean at all times. Change it every few days, especially in hot and humid weather, to prevent fermentation and spoilage. Do not use old or contaminated nectar, or use water that has not been boiled or filtered.

Finally, it is important to place the feeder in a safe and suitable location. Hummingbirds are vulnerable to many predators, such as cats, squirrels, and hawks. They also prefer shaded and sheltered areas that are close to food sources and water. Make sure to monitor the feeder regularly, and adjust its position if necessary.

Tips and Tricks how to make a hummingbird feeder

1. Use a red or yellow bottle for better visibility.

Hummingbirds are attracted to bright colors and patterns, especially shades of red and yellow. By using a bottle that is already colored, you can save time and effort in painting it yourself.

2. Add a perch for the birds to rest on.

Hummingbirds are known for their high-speed flight and constant movement, but they also need to rest and conserve energy. By adding a small perch or twig near the feeding ports, you can give the birds a comfortable and safe place to rest between feedings.

3. Hang multiple feeders to attract more birds.

Hummingbirds are social creatures and like to feed in groups. By hanging multiple feeders in different areas of your garden or backyard, you can create a hummingbird oasis that will attract many birds and provide hours of entertainment.

4. Use a moat to deter ants and other insects.

Ants and other insects are attracted to the sweet nectar in the feeder, and can quickly spoil it or harm the birds. To prevent this, you can use a moat or barrier around the hanger, such as a cup of water or oil, that will block their access and keep them away.

5. Avoid using pesticides or chemicals in your garden.

Pesticides and chemicals can harm not only the hummingbirds but also other wildlife and the environment. By using organic and natural methods to control pests and maintain your garden, you can create a healthy and sustainable habitat for hummingbirds and other creatures.

6. Provide water sources for the birds to drink and bathe in.

Hummingbirds not only need nectar to survive but also water to drink and bathe in. By placing a shallow dish or fountain near the feeder, you can attract more birds and provide them with a refreshing and clean water source.

7. Learn more about hummingbirds and their behavior.

Hummingbirds are fascinating creatures that have captivated humans for centuries. By learning more about their biology, migration, and ecology, you can appreciate them even more and contribute to their conservation.

8. Support local organizations and initiatives that protect hummingbirds.

Hummingbirds face numerous threats, such as habitat loss, climate change, and pollution. By supporting local organizations and initiatives that work to conserve and restore their habitats, you can make a difference and ensure that these birds continue to thrive.

9. Invite friends and family to join you in making and enjoying hummingbird feeders.

Hummingbird feeders are not only a source of beauty and entertainment but also a way to connect with others and share your love of nature. By inviting friends, family, and neighbors to join you in making and enjoying hummingbird feeders, you can spread the joy and wonder of these incredible birds.

10. Take care of your feeder and enjoy the experience!

Making a hummingbird feeder can be a rewarding and fulfilling activity that brings you closer to nature and yourself. By taking care of your feeder, watching the birds, and enjoying the experience, you can create memories and moments that will last a lifetime.

Advantages and Disadvantages of Making Your Own Hummingbird Feeder


1. Cost-effective: Making your own hummingbird feeder can be more affordable compared to buying one from a store.

2. Customizable: You have the freedom to choose the design, size, and color of your hummingbird feeder, based on your preference and style.

3. Eco-friendly: By creating your own hummingbird feeder, you can contribute to reducing plastic waste and helping the environment.

4. Fun and creative activity: Creating a hummingbird feeder can be an enjoyable and rewarding DIY project. It’s a great way to bond with friends and family, or to try a new hobby.

5. Healthier for hummingbirds: Homemade hummingbird feeders are free from harmful chemicals and additives that may be present in store-bought feeders. You can ensure that the feeder is safe and healthy for the hummingbirds.

6. Convenient: You can make your own hummingbird feeder using easily accessible materials and tools. You can also refill it with homemade nectar anytime.

7. Educational: Making a hummingbird feeder can be an opportunity to learn more about hummingbirds and their habitat. It can also teach children the importance of taking care of wildlife.

8. Control over nectar quality: Homemade nectar is made of sugar and water, which are natural and safe for hummingbirds. By making your own nectar, you have control over its quality, thereby ensuring that the hummingbirds are well-nourished.

9. Satisfaction: The feeling of satisfaction and accomplishment that comes from creating something with your own hands is indescribable.

10. Long-lasting: A homemade hummingbird feeder can last for several years with proper care and maintenance, saving you money in the long run.


1. Time-consuming: Making a hummingbird feeder can take up a lot of time, especially if you’re new to the process.

2. Trial and error: It may take several attempts before you can perfect the design and functionality of your feeder, resulting in wasted time and materials.

3. Not as durable: Homemade hummingbird feeders may not be as durable as store-bought ones, especially if the materials used are not of high quality.

4. Risk of leakage: If not properly made, homemade hummingbird feeders may leak, causing mess and attracting unwanted pests like ants and bees.

5. Limited access to materials: Depending on where you live, some materials may not be readily available for making a hummingbird feeder.

6. Safety concerns: Creating a hummingbird feeder involves the use of tools and materials that may be hazardous if not handled properly. Take extra precautions to ensure your safety.

7. No warranty: If anything goes wrong with your homemade hummingbird feeder, you won’t have a warranty or customer support to rely on.

8. Quality may vary: The quality of homemade hummingbird feeders may vary depending on your level of skill and experience in DIY projects.

9. Requires maintenance: Homemade hummingbird feeders require maintenance and cleaning to ensure they remain functional and hygienic for the hummingbirds.

10. Not as aesthetically pleasing: Homemade hummingbird feeders may not be as aesthetically pleasing as store-bought ones, especially if you’re not skilled in crafting or design.


1. What materials do I need to make a hummingbird feeder?

You can use an empty plastic bottle, a jar or a container made of glass or plastic. You will also need a hummingbird feeder tube, red food coloring, water and sugar.

2. How do I make the hummingbird nectar?

You can mix 1 part white granulated sugar with 4 parts water. Boil the mixture for 1-2 minutes until the sugar dissolves. Allow it to cool before adding it to the hummingbird feeder.

3. How often should I fill the hummingbird feeder?

It is recommended to fill the feeder every 2-3 days, especially during the summer months when hummingbirds are more active. Check the feeder every day during hot weather to make sure the nectar is fresh.

4. What is the best location for a hummingbird feeder?

Place the feeder in a shaded area, away from direct sunlight. Ideally, it should be placed near flowers or plants that attract hummingbirds.

5. How do I clean the hummingbird feeder?

Clean the feeder with hot water and vinegar every time you refill it. Use a small brush to clean the feeding ports and rinse thoroughly with water before refilling it with fresh nectar.

6. Can I use honey instead of sugar to make hummingbird nectar?

No, honey can ferment and produce harmful bacteria that can be fatal to hummingbirds. Always use white granulated sugar to make the nectar.

7. How do I prevent ants from getting into the feeder?

Use an ant moat or place a line of petroleum jelly around the hanger or hook to prevent ants from crawling into the feeder.

8. Can I add more food coloring to the nectar to attract hummingbirds?

No, the red color of the feeder is already attractive to hummingbirds. Do not add extra food coloring as it can be harmful to the hummingbirds.

9. How do I discourage bees and wasps from feeding on the nectar?

Use a feeder with bee guards or cover the feeding ports with screening to keep bees and wasps out of the feeder.

10. Can I use artificial sweeteners instead of sugar to make hummingbird nectar?

No, artificial sweeteners are not suitable for hummingbirds. Always use white granulated sugar to make the nectar.

11. How do I make the feeder more appealing to hummingbirds?

Place the feeder near a water source such as a fountain or birdbath. You can also plant flowers that hummingbirds like such as bee balm, salvia or columbine.

12. Should I take down the hummingbird feeder during the winter months?

It is recommended to take down the feeder during the winter months as hummingbirds migrate to warmer climates. You can put the feeder back up in the spring when the hummingbirds return.

13. Can I reuse leftover nectar from the feeder?

No, always discard any leftover nectar in the feeder after 2-3 days. Clean the feeder thoroughly before refilling it with fresh nectar.

Hummingbirds are unique creatures that are always fascinating to watch. They bring a lot of joy and beauty to any garden or outdoor space. If you want to attract and enjoy the company of these little birds, making a hummingbird feeder is an excellent idea. Hummingbird feeders are easy to make, and you can usually find all the necessary materials at your local hardware or craft store. In this article, we’ll show you how to make a hummingbird feeder and help you attract these beautiful creatures to your garden.

To make a hummingbird feeder, you will need the following materials:

  • A clean and empty plastic bottle with a screw-on cap (16 – 32 oz. size)
  • A plastic flower (one that resembles a real flower)
  • A wooden dowel or a thin stick
  • A piece of wire or string
  • A hot glue gun or super glue
  • Sugar and water (for the nectar)

Once you have gathered all the materials, you can begin making your hummingbird feeder. Follow these simple steps:

  1. Thoroughly wash the plastic bottle and remove any labels or stickers.
  2. Using a drill or a sharp object, make two small holes on the bottle cap. These holes should be big enough to fit the wooden dowel or stick.
  3. Insert the dowel or stick through the holes in the cap. This will serve as the perch for the hummingbirds.
  4. Glue the plastic flower to the bottom of the bottle. This will attract the hummingbirds to the feeder.
  5. Attach a piece of wire or string to the top of the bottle cap. This will serve as the hanger for the feeder.
  6. Mix a solution of four parts water to one part sugar. Stir until the sugar dissolves.
  7. Pour the nectar solution into the bottle.
  8. Screw the cap tightly onto the bottle.
  9. You can now hang the feeder outside and wait for the hummingbirds to come!

Conclusion how to make a hummingbird feeder

Making a hummingbird feeder is a fun and easy DIY project that will attract these beautiful birds to your garden. With just a few simple materials, you can create a safe and welcoming environment for the hummingbirds to feed and rest. Remember to clean and refill your feeder regularly to keep it hygienic and fresh. Bring some joy and beauty to your outdoor space by making a hummingbird feeder today!

Closing how to make a hummingbird feeder

Thank you for reading this article on how to make a hummingbird feeder. We hope you found it informative and helpful. Don’t hesitate to experiment with different shapes and designs for your feeder to find the perfect fit for your garden. Hummingbirds are fascinating creatures that will bring color and liveliness to your outdoor space. Say goodbye to pestering concerns of having a lack of activity or birds in your garden and say hello to these delightful little creatures. Good luck with your hummingbird feeder creations – may you have many delightful sightings in the future!