How to Make a Game on Scratch: A Comprehensive Guide

Greetings and welcome, dear readers!

Have you ever wondered how game developers create their masterpieces? Does the thought of developing a game intrigue you? Well, then you’re in the right place! In this article, we will guide you through the essential steps and provide explanations to create a game on Scratch.

Scratch is a block-based programming language where you can create interactive projects such as animations, games, and stories. It is a beginner-friendly programming language that helps to develop logical thinking, creativity, and problem-solving skills, so let’s dive right into it!

Steps how to make a game on scratch

Step 1: Introduction to Scratch

Firstly, to begin with, we need to know how to enter the Scratch interface. You can either create a new account or sign in if you already have one. After signing in, you will land on the home page, where you have the option to create a new project. Click on the “Create” button to start making your game!

Step 2: Choosing a Background

The background is the primary visual aspect of your game. To select a new background, click on the “stage” located at the bottom of the screen. You can choose an image from the library or upload your own. You can also set the background color according to your preference.

Step 3: Creating the Characters

Characters are the game’s main protagonists. To create a character, click on the “sprite” button located at the bottom of the screen. You can also choose an existing sprite from the library or upload your own picture. You can even modify it according to your preference.

Step 4: Adding Behaviors to the Characters

Behaviors are the actions performed by the characters in the game. To add behaviors, select the character you want to modify, and click on the “scripts” button. You can drag and drop the blocks according to your preference to create behaviors like movement, animation, and sounds.

Step 5: Building the Levels

In building the levels, you must create the rules for the game. Choose the background for each level, place the characters in the game, and add the obstacles. Set a goal or mission that needs to be achieved to move to the next level.

Step 6: Adding Interactions

Interactions are the ways in which the characters interact with the game environment. You can add interactions by creating scripts that respond to different keystrokes or mouse clicks, like shooting or jumping.

Step 7: Adding a Point System

A point system is a great way to keep your players engaged. You can add points to your game using the “variables” block in Scratch. You can set points for collecting items, completing a level, or achievements.

Step 8: Adding Sound Effects

Sound effects make your game more immersive. You can add sound effects to your game by using the “sound” block. You can change the sound effects according to the characters’ actions or game events.

Step 9: Creating the Start and End Screens

The start and end screens provide a visual transition between levels. You can create the start and end screens by adding images, sounds, and text. You can even add buttons to start or restart the game.

Step 10: Adding the Final Touches

Once you’ve created your game, review it for any potential issues. You can test it by playing it from start to finish, checking for any glitches or bugs. Make sure that your game is aesthetically pleasing, add some creative touches, and don’t forget to save it!

Step 11: Publishing the Game

After finalizing your game, you can publish it on the Scratch website for others to see and play. You can share your game via social media or embedding it on your website. Make sure to give it an apt name and add a proper description.

Step 12: Getting Feedback and Improving

Feedback is the key to improvement. After publishing your game, let your friends or family play it to get their thoughts. You can also view the comments and feedback from the Scratch community. Analyze the feedback and improve your game accordingly.

Explanation how to make a game on scratch

Scratch is a beginner-friendly programming language that simplifies the game development process. You don’t need to know any complex coding language to create a game on Scratch. Here are some explanations to help you develop your game on Scratch.

Scratch interface: Scratch’s interface is very user-friendly, with drag-and-drop blocks and a colorful canvas. You can use the blocks to create scripts and modify your character’s behavior.

Variables: Variables are essential in developing games, and Scratch provides a block for that. You can create a variable for points, level, and items. Use it wisely and create conditions to add or subtract values to it.

Behaviors: Behaviors are the primary actions of your characters. You can create simple actions like moving, or complex actions like shooting or jumping. Create different behaviors for each character, making the game more challenging and engaging.

Backgrounds and characters: Choose appropriate backgrounds and characters according to your game concepts. You can set a theme and create characters and environments accordingly.

Levels: Levels define the challenges in your game. Use your creativity to make the game fun, engaging, and challenging. Make sure each level has a distinct rule and mission.

Start and End Screens: Start and end screens help to provide a seamless transition between levels. Use animations, sounds, and texts to create an appealing pre-level and post-level screen.

Sound Effects: Sound effects create a more immersive experience for users. You can use sound blocks to create sound effects for different actions and happenings in the game.

Publishing and Feedback: Once you have created your game, publishing it on the Scratch website is an excellent way to get feedback from others. Ask for feedback and improve according to their comments.

Tips and Tricks how to make a game on scratch

Tips 1: Keep it Simple

Although Scratch has a lot of features, it’s essential to keep your game simple, especially if you’re a beginner. Choose a simple game concept, create minimal characters, and focus on providing a fun and engaging experience.

Tips 2: Plan your Game

Before you start developing your game, plan it out. Write down the game concept, levels, characters, and interactions. Having a plan will save your time, increase efficiency, and make your game more coherent.

Tips 3: Keep Testing

Testing your game throughout the development process can help you analyze and improve your game. So always keep testing, especially after finishing a level, to ensure it works correctly.

Tips 4: Collaborate with Others

Collaborating with others is an excellent way to learn, share ideas, and improve your game. You can collaborate with others on Scratch by inviting them to edit your game.

Tips 5: Get Inspired

You can always get inspiration from other games on Scratch or even outside Scratch. Look out for new ideas, features, and mechanics. Incorporate them into your game and give it your creative twist.

Tips 6: Use Comment Blocks

Using comment blocks can make your game more understandable and less cluttered. Use comment blocks to identify the scripts’ purpose or leave notes to yourself.

Tips 7: Debugging

Debugging is an integral part of game development. If your game doesn’t work as expected, you need to fix it. Make sure to check for any possible glitches or bugs and troubleshoot them.

Tips 8: Take Breaks

Game development can be a time-consuming process. It’s essential to take regular breaks, relax, and refresh your mind. Take a walk, watch a movie, or interact with your friends and family.

Tips 9: Stay Creative

Don’t limit your creativity while developing games. Experiment with different characters, backgrounds, and features. Keep your game fresh, innovative, and engaging.

Tips 10: Have Fun!

Game development can be a challenging process, but it should always be fun. Enjoy every moment of your game development process and always remember why you started making your game in the first place.

In conclusion, Scratch is an excellent platform for people who want to learn game development. It provides an easy-to-use interface with lots of features and allows you to unleash your creativity. We hope that this article helped you learn and develop your game on Scratch. Happy Gaming!

Advantages and Disadvantages of Making a Game on Scratch


1. Easy to use and learn – Scratch is a drag-and-drop programming language with user-friendly interface, which makes it easy for beginners to get started and create their own games.

2. Free and open-source – Scratch is completely free and allows users to share their games with other Scratch users worldwide. It also constantly updates and improves features and functionality.

3. Creativity – Scratch allows users to freely express their creativity without the need for complex coding skills. This ease of use encourages experimentation and imagination.

4. Community – Scratch has a large online community where users can share their work, provide feedback, and collaborate on projects. This can help users improve their skills and knowledge.

5. Educational – Scratch is often used in classrooms to teach children and teenagers how to code while also promoting logic, problem-solving, and critical thinking skills.

6. Diversity – Scratch has the capability to create many different types of games, so users can explore different game designs and genres.

7. Multi-platform – Scratch can be used on almost any device with internet access, including desktop computers, laptops, tablets, and smartphones.

8. User control – Scratch allows users to have full control over their game, from the graphics to the sound effects, and the game mechanics. This allows users to fully customize their game to their liking.

9. Flexibility – Scratch can be used for not only creating games but also other types of interactive digital media, such as animations and interactive stories.

10. Positive community – the Scratch community is known for its supportive environment that aims to provide users with a positive experience while also promoting kindness and helpfulness.


1. Limited functionality – Scratch may not have the same range of functionality as other more advanced programming languages, which may limit the complexity of the games that can be created.

2. Lack of challenge – Scratch’s simple drag-and-drop interface may not offer enough of a challenge for experienced programmers or those looking to develop more complex games.

3. Dependency – Scratch requires an internet connection to use and save work, which may cause issues for users with poor or unreliable internet connectivity.

4. Limited flexibility – Scratch may not allow the same level of flexibility as coding from scratch, as users are limited to using the pre-existing programming blocks provided by Scratch.

5. Informal skills – while Scratch can be a great introductory tool for children and teenagers, it may not provide the same level of formal instruction and skill set as traditional computer science education courses.

6. Debugging – debugging can be more challenging on Scratch as users need to locate issues within a complex web of programming blocks, rather than by reading and examining code line-by-line.

7. Limited sharing options – while Scratch allows users to share their games with others in the Scratch community, it may not offer the same range of sharing options as other platforms, such as social media or game distribution services.

8. Limited customization – while Scratch allows for customization, the pre-existing programming blocks may not allow for complete customization of all aspects of the game. This may limit the creative freedom of some users.

9. Limited device support – while Scratch is accessible on many devices, some lesser-known devices may not support Scratch or may require additional software installation.

10. Technical difficulties – due to its online nature, Scratch can experience technical difficulties such as server downtime or software glitches, which may interrupt or delay users’ work.


1. What is Scratch?

Scratch is a free programming language and online community where you can create your own interactive stories, games, and animations.

2. Is Scratch suitable for beginners?

Yes, Scratch is designed to be easy to use for beginners. It uses visual block-based programming, which means you don’t need to have any programming experience to start creating your own games.

3. How do I start making a game on Scratch?

You can start by opening Scratch and selecting “New Project.” Then, you can choose a background, add sprites, and start programming your game using the Scratch blocks.

4. What kind of games can I make on Scratch?

You can make a wide variety of games on Scratch, from platformers to puzzles and even simulations. The only limit is your imagination!

5. Do I need to download anything to use Scratch?

No, Scratch is an online platform that can be accessed through any web browser. You just need to create an account to start using it.

6. Can I add my own images and sounds to my Scratch game?

Yes, you can upload your own images and sounds to Scratch or use the ones provided by the platform. Just make sure that you have the rights to use any external resources you add to your game.

7. How do I add movement to my game sprites?

You can add movement by using the Motion blocks in Scratch. You can specify how far and in which direction your sprite should move, and even add animations to make it look more realistic.

8. How do I make my game interactive?

You can make your game interactive by adding various events and actions using the Events blocks. For example, you can make your game respond to mouse clicks or keyboard inputs.

9. How do I create levels in my game?

You can create levels by using the cloning feature in Scratch. You can clone your sprites and set different backgrounds and scripts for each clone to create different levels in your game.

10. Can I share my Scratch game with others?

Yes, you can share your Scratch game with others by publishing it to the Scratch community. You can also embed your game on other websites or share it through social media.

11. Can I collaborate with other Scratch users on a game?

Yes, you can collaborate with other Scratch users by sharing your project with them and allowing them to edit it. This can be a great way to learn from others and create more complex games.

12. Are there any resources available to help me learn more about Scratch?

Yes, Scratch provides a lot of resources to help you learn, including tutorials and a large community of users that are always willing to help. You can also find many tutorials and resources online.

13. Can I use Scratch to create games for commercial purposes?

No, Scratch is a non-commercial platform and is intended for educational and personal use only. Any games created on Scratch cannot be sold or used for commercial purposes.

Conclusion: How to Make a Game on Scratch

In conclusion, Scratch is an amazing tool for all the beginners who want to learn game development. It is a user-friendly platform that enables anyone to build their own game easily. The process of creating your game on Scratch is simple and fun, especially if you’re interested in game development and coding.

Remember, the key to creating a great game is to have fun with it. Don’t worry too much about making it perfect on your first try – just keep practicing and experimenting with different features until you find what works best for you. With time and effort, you can create a game that is both enjoyable and challenging for players.

So, if you’re ready to start building your own game on Scratch, just follow the tips and guidelines mentioned in this article and you are on your way to becoming a successful game developer.

Closing: How to Make a Game on Scratch

Thank you for reading this article on how to make a game on Scratch. We hope that it has provided valuable insights and tips on how to develop your own game on this amazing platform. If you have any questions or suggestions, feel free to leave a comment below and we’ll be happy to respond.

Remember, game development is all about having fun and expressing your creativity in the best possible way. With Scratch, you have the opportunity to explore your imagination and create the game of your dreams. We encourage you to start practicing today and see where it takes you.

So, with that said, we wish you all the best in your game development journey, and we hope to see your amazing creations on the Scratch platform soon. Good luck, and see you soon!